Under the current Criminal Procedure Act, if you are a victim of a crime, you have the right to:

  • information about your rights during the proceedings that must be provided to you by the police, investigator, state attorney, and court
  • psychological and other professional help of victim support organizations
  • participate in criminal proceedings as the injured party
  • receive notification from the state attorney about the actions undertaken on the basis of your report and the right to file a complaint to a senior state attorney
  • professional assistance of a counsel provided from the budget funds if you are a victim of a criminal offense which carries a penalty of five years or more in jail and have suffered severe psychophysical injury or serious consequences of the criminal offense
  • submit a motion to realize the indemnification claim
  • financial compensation from the state budget in accordance with the Victims of Crime Compensation Act if you are a victim of a premeditated violent crime and have suffered serious bodily injury or significant health impairment as a consequence of the violent crime

If you are a victim of a criminal offense against sexual freedom and human trafficking, in addition to the above rights, you have the additional rights to:

  • talk to a counselor before the questioning
  • get an attorney at the expense of the state budget funds
  • be interviewed by a person of your gender in the police station and state attorney’s office
  • have a person of confidence with you during your interview
  • refuse to answer unnecessary questions pertaining to your personal life
  • demand to be interviewed with video and audio recording equipment
  • the confidentiality of personal information
  • demand to exclude the public from the hearing

If the victim of a crime is a child, in addition to the above victim’s rights, they have the additional right to:

  • an attorney at the expense of the state budget funds
  • be accompanied by a person of confidence when participating in actions
  • the confidentiality of personal information
  • testify without the presence of the public
  • get help and support of the court’s expert assistant and be interviewed with audio and video recording equipment, according to the circumstances and type of crime and the child’s age
  • according to the type of crime, be interviewed in his or her apartment or other specially equipped space rather than in court.

Children are all persons under the age of 18.

Child witnesses and victims are questioned by the investigating judge at an evidentiary hearing, and a child witness receives a summons through his or her parents or guardians.

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